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Neurophysiology Center

The Specialty Hospital has an fully unit equipped center with the latest scientific methods for studying the pathophysiology of the brain, nerves and muscles:, Where the following services are available:
 
1- (Electroencephalogram) EEG:
It is a test through which the electrical activity in the brain is documented, where it is possible to reflect any disease hurts the performance of the cerebral nerve cells in  brain cells in the form of of an importance in the waves of test plan.

This test is used to diagnose pathological conditions related to the brain or diseases that affect the brain itself, such as:

  • Epilepsy.
  • Meningitis.
  • Encephalitis.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Unconsciousness
  • Brain death.
  • Metabolic diseases.

2- Electromyogram and Nerve Conduction Study : EMG and NCD).
In this test   the electrical activity of the muscle, peripheral nerves and neuromuscular junction are recorded and analyzed. Through the insertion of small electrodes to certain muscles, to check the electrical signal generated by muscle contractions. On the other hand, examination of nerve conduction velocity is done.

These tests can be used to diagnose a lot of neurological diseases which include:

  • Muscle Disorders:
  • Polymyositis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Congenital muscle disease.

Neuromuscular conduction disorders:

  • Myasthenia gravis.

Nerve Conduction Disorders:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Spinal cord compression by disc prolapse.
  • Compression of the spine or a peripheral nerve due to the presence of mass, a tumor or abscess.
  • Peripheral neuropathy diseases: viral or bacterial infections, including HIV infection.
  • Metabolic disorders such as diabetes, vitamin (B12) deficiency.

3- Visual Evoked Potential (VEP)
The VEP tests the function of the visual pathway from the retina to the occipital cortex.
VEPs are most useful in testing optic nerve function.

It is used to diagnose certain disorders such as :

  • MS
  • Optic neuropathy
  • Optic neuritis
  • Ocular hypertension
  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetes
  • Toxic amblyopia
  • Leber hereditary optic neuropathy
  • Aluminum neurotoxicity
  • Manganese intoxication 
  • Retro bulbar neuritis
  • Ischemic optic neuropathy
  • Tumors compressing the optic nerve - Optic nerve gliomas, meningiomas, craniopharyngiomas, giant aneurysms, and pituitary tumors

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